Background: Microwave absorbing nanocomposite is a kind of material that attenuates
the reflection of microwave radiation in the gigahertz frequency range. These materials consist of
dielectric and transition nanoparticles tend to exhibit attractive microwave absorption properties due to
their high permittivity and permeability loss factors.
Method: The FeCo nanoparticles were prepared from the reduction of iron and cobalt ions with hydrazine.
Then, the FeCo@TiO2 core-shell nanoparticles synthesized by co-precipitation method and their
microwave absorbing performance are investigated. The phase composition, morphology and coercivity
properties of the nanoparticles were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy
(TEM) and vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM). The composites of FeCo@TiO2 nanoparticles
with the ratio of 30 vol.% and paraffin wax (70 vol.%) in different thicknesses were prepared. The microwave
absorption properties of these composites were investigated in the frequency range of 2-18
GHz using the vector network analyzer.
Results: These nanocomposites exhibit the excellent microwave absorption characteristics (reflection
loss<-20dB) in the bored band frequency range of 6-16 GHz with different absorber thicknesses of 1-
2.2 mm. The maximum absorption capability of -47.76 dB was obtained at the frequency of 7.92 GHz
with the thickness of 1.8 mm.
Conclusion: Based on this study, it can be argued that the FeCo@TiO2 nanoparticles can be used for
the bored band and thin microwave absorbers.