Background: Different factors are known to affect the different physiochemical properties
of bee's honey including the floral origin and climate.
Objective: The aim of this article was to investigate the effect of floral origin and altitude on the concentration
of vitamin C and A.
Method: Ten Ziziphus honey samples were collected from two altitudes; 113 and 511 meters. Twentyfive
Acacia honey samples were included in this study from five altitudes; 14, 113, 317, 576 and 2247
meters above sea level. Vitamin C was measured by redox titration and vitamin A was estimated using
the Carr-price reaction and spectrophotometer.
Results: The mean± SD of vitamin C in the Ziziphus and Acacia honey samples were 239.2± 91.5 and
260.4± 81.1 mg\100g, respectively. Vitamin A mean value± SD in the Ziziphus and Acacia honey
were 0.088± 0.126 and 0.062± 0.126 mg\ 100g, respectively. Concerning the effect of altitude, there
was significant increase in vitamin C concentration in ziziphus honey with the increase of the altitude
(p- value= 0.027), while an insignificant decrease was obtained in the case of vitamin A. Regarding
the effect of altitude on the concentration of vitamin C in the Acacia honey, there was significant increase
in the honey from the altitude of 2247 compared to the honey from all the other altitudes. Vitamin
A concentration in the Acacia honey from the altitude 2247 was insignificantly decreased compared
to the honey from all the other altitudes (p- value > 0.05).
Conclusion: The floral origin insignificantly affected the concentration of vitamin C and A. The altitude
significantly affected the concentration of vitamin C irrespective of the floral origin.