Curcumin Modulates Glycolytic Metabolism and Inflammatory Cytokines via Nrf 2 in Dalton’s Lymphoma Ascites Cells In Vivo

Author(s): Laxmidhar Das, Manjula Vinayak*.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 12 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Warburg effect is characterized by the upregulation of HIF-1 and c-Myc regulated LDH-A, even aerobically owing to hypoxic environment and alterations in oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes in cancer. Reduced antioxidant defence system in transformed cells favors higher ROS production, which plays a significant role in carcinogenesis and acts as an important regulator of NF-κB. In addition, various proinflammatory cytokines play active roles in maintenance and progression of cancer.

Objective: In continuation with our previous studies illustrating the long-term effect of curcumin using a liver tissue, present study was aimed to elucidate the anti-cancer effect of curcumin due to its long-term effect in the regulation of glycolytic metabolism, NF-κB activation, expression of proinflammatory cytokines in Dalton’s lymphoma ascites cells in vivo.

Method: Spectrophotometric assays, RT-PCR and EMSA were performed to address the problems.

Results: Results revealed that curcumin-induced activation of antioxidant enzymes, Nrf2 and downstream signaling gene NQO1. Reduction of oxidative stress, down-regulation of NADPH: Oxidase, decline in ROS and H2O2 levels were also observed. Activation of NF-κB, expression of COX2, HIF-1α and cMyc, as well as expression and activity of LDH-A were significantly reduced by curcumin. Besides, expression of proinflammatory cytokines was significantly down-regulated via reducing binding of nuclear protein with AP-1, NF-IL6, ETS and NF-κB binding elements of IL-1α, IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 promoters, respectively.

Conclusion: Curcumin downregulates glycolytic metabolism via modulation of stress-activated genes and reduces oxidative stress by enhancing antioxidant defence system, which inhibits activation of NF-κB signaling and expression of proinflammatory cytokines in Dalton’s lymphoma ascites cells in vivo.

Keywords: Oxidative stress, antioxidant defence system, Nrf2, curcumin, anaerobic metabolism, NF-κB, c-Myc, proinflammatory cytokines.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2018
Page: [1779 - 1791]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1871520618666180604093802
Price: $58

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