QSAR and Pharmacophore Mapping Studies on Benzothiazinimines to Relate their Structural Features with anti-HIV Activity

Author(s): Gopiraja Geethaavacini, Go Poh Poh, Lim Yi Yan, Rajindran Deepashini, Sivadasan Shalini, Rajak Harish, Krishnan Sureshkumar, Veerasamy Ravichandran*.

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 14 , Issue 7 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: The development of severe drug resistance caused by the extensive use of anti-HIV agents has resulted in a greatly extensive reduction in these drugs efficacy.

Objectives: To identify the important pharmacophoric features and correlate 3D chemical structure of benzothiazinimines with their anti-HIV potential using 2D, 3D-QSAR and pharmacophore modeling studies.

Methods: QSAR and pharmacophore mapping studies have been used to relate structural features. 2D QSAR and 3D QSAR studies were performed using partial least square and k-nearest neighbor methodology, coupled with various feature selection methods, viz. stepwise, genetic algorithm, and simulated annealing, to derive QSAR models which were further validated for statistical significance.

Results: The physicochemical descriptor XAHydrophilicArea and SsOHE-index, and alignmentindependent descriptor T_C_Cl_6 showed significant correlation with the anti-HIV activity of benzothiazinimines in 2D QSAR. 3D QSAR results showed the significant effect of electrostatic and steric field descriptors in the anti-HIV potential of benzothiazinimines. The generated pharmacophore hypothesis demonstrated the importance of aromaticity and hydrogen bond acceptors.

Conclusion: The significant models obtained in this study suggested that these techniques could be used as a guidance for designing new benzothiazinimines with enhanced anti-HIV potential.

Keywords: 2D QSAR, 3D QSAR, benzothiazinimines, pharmacophore mapping, anti-HIV, AIDS.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2018
Page: [733 - 740]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573406414666180529091618
Price: $65

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