Bradykinin B2 receptors play a neuroprotective role in Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury related to pyroptosis pathway

Author(s): Min Tang* , Xia Li , Ping Liu , Jianwen Wang , Fangping He , Xiongchao Zhu .

Journal Name: Current Neurovascular Research

Volume 15 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Kinins are pro-inflammatory peptides that mediate numerous vascular and pain responses in tissue injury. Kinins exert their biological functions via two G-protein-coupled receptors: Bradykinin 1 Receptor (B1R) and Bradykinin 2 Receptor (B2R). We previously demonstrated the up-regulation of B2R after Hypoxia/Reoxygenation (H/R) injury in primary cultured cortical neurons. However, the role of B2R in inflammasome-induced pyroptosis remains unknown.

Methods: We induced H/R neuronal injury in primary cultured cortical neurons harvested from embryonic day 17 brains. Next, we examined the neuroprotective function of B2R in H/R-induced neuronal apoptosis or necrosis using an annexin V FITC/Propidium Iodide (PI) double-staining technique. The pyroptosis signaling cascade, including caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 levels and Cleaved Gasdermin D (GSDMD) expression was examined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting to explore the underlying molecular mechanism.

Results: H/R injury significantly increased B2R protein expression (P<0.05) as well as the percentage of early apoptotic and necrotic or late apoptotic neurons as verified by the annexin V FITC/PI flow cytometric analysis. Bradykinin (BK), a specific B2R agonist, caused a significant decrease in apoptotic neuronal death after H/R injury, while HOE140, a specific B2R antagonist, markedly reduced the neuroprotective effect of B2R. Following H/R injury, BK downregulated the caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 levels (P<0.01). In contrast, pretreatment with HOE140 significantly increased caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18 levels (P<0.01). Further analysis revealed that GSDMD, a key executioner of pyroptosis, is a target for B2R-mediated inhibition of neuronal pyroptosis. Cleaved GSDMD expression was significantly inhibited by BK pretreatment and significantly enhanced by HOE140 pretreatment (P<0.01).

Conclusion: These results indicate that activation of B2R plays an important role in pyroptosis mediated by H/R injury.

Keywords: Bradykinin B2 receptor, hypoxia/reoxygenation, GSDMD, pyroptosis, ischemic stroke, inflammatory responses.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [138 - 144]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1567202615666180528073141
Price: $58

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