Anatomy, Modeling and Biomaterial Fabrication for Dental and Maxillofacial Applications

Anatomy, Modeling and Biomaterial Fabrication for Dental and Maxillofacial Applications

Ceramics have been used as biomaterials for oral and maxillofacial applications due to their excellent bioactivity, high hardness and wear resistance. One of the key drawbacks of synthetic implants ...
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Bone Tissue Engineering and Scaffolds

Pp. 111-117 (7)

Andy H. Choi and Besim Ben-Nissan

Abstract

Tissue engineering in recent years has taken a new direction by seizing the advantage of combining the use of living cells with three-dimensional ceramic scaffolds to deliver vital cells to the damaged site of the patient. Productive and feasible strategies have been initiated during the last few decades to combine bioceramic implants with biogenic materials to the field of cell growth and differentiation of osteogenic cells. The reconstruction of bone tissue utilizing nanocomposite bone grafts with composition, biomechanical, biological, physiochemical and structural features that mimic those of natural bone is an objective to be pursued.

Keywords:

Bioactive glass, Bioceramics, Bioglass, Bone regeneration, Calcium phosphate, Coralline apatite, Glass ceramics, Hydroxyapatite HAp, Liposomes, Nanobioceramics, Nanocomposites.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Science University of Technology Sydney Australia.