Background and Objectives: The association between preoperative Urine Neutrophil
Gelatinase-associated Lipocalin (uNGAL) and interleukin-18 (uIL-18) with poor 1-year allograft function
has been shown in deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients previously, and also these markers
could predict 3-month allograft function. However, it is unknown whether there is an association between
these postoperative biomarkers with important recipient outcomes beyond this time in livedonor
Methods: NGAL and IL-18 four and 24 hours were measured in live-donor kidney transplant recipients
after transplantation. The relationships between changes in these markers with clinical outcomes as
well as kidney function were examined at 1 month and 2 years. Moreover, the association between delayed
graft function with clinical outcome and Serum Creatinine (SrCr) was evaluated during this period.
Results: The Mean age for kidney recipients was 23.9 years. Significant interaction was observed between
uNGAL 24 hr (pvalue=0.01) and uIL-18 four and 24 hr after transplantation (pvalue=0.04,
0.03; respectively) with patients’ outcome after 1 month and changes in uNGAL with outcomes after 2
years (pvalue= 0.04).
Conclusion: Changes in urine NGAL postoperative are associated with worst outcomes, 2 years after
kidney transplantation, suggesting its potential role in identifying patients that are at high risk for diminished
allograft function, outcome and survival.