Facile and Fast Detection of Genistein in Derris scandens by Square Wave Voltammetry Using a Cobalt(II) Phthalocyanine-Modified Screen-Printed Electrochemical Sensor

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Author(s): Surinya Traipop, Suchada Chuanuwatanakul*, Orawon Chailapakul, Eakkasit Punrat.

Journal Name: Current Analytical Chemistry

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Background: Recently, Derris scandens, a Thai herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory activity, is widely used as beverage and supplementary food. When the traditional medicine is a choice for health therapy, the simple and reliable equipment is required to control the suitable consuming amount of the active component. Objective: To develop the electrochemical sensor for genistein determination in Derris scandens with high sensitivity and rapid operation. Method: An in-house screen-printed electrochemical sensor consisting of a three-electrode system was developed for genistein determination. A silver/silver chloride (Ag/AgCl) reference electrode, a carbon counter electrode and a carbon working electrode were prepared on a 0.3-mm-thick plastic substrate by the screen-printing technique using conductive ink. The dimensions of each sensor were 2.5×1.0 cm. Only 50 μL of sample solution was required on this device for the determination of genistein concentration by rapid response square wave voltammetry. Results: The oxidation peak of genistein appeared with good response in acidic media at a peak potential of 0.6 V. Moreover, the signal was enhanced by modifying the conductive carbon ink with cobalt( II) phthalocyanine. Under the optimized conditions, the linear range was found to be 2.5-150 μM and the detection limit was 1.5 μM. Moreover, the small volume extraction was successfully developed without any further pre-concentration. This proposed method was applied to determine genistein in Derris scandens with satisfying results. Conclusion: The proposed method is promising as an alternative method for genistein determination with facile and fast analysis.

Keywords: Cobalt(II) phthalocyanine, Derris scandens, Electrochemical sensor, Genistein, Screen-printing, Square-wave voltammetry

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573411014666180521091053
Price: $95