Congenital Toxoplasmosis in Goats
Pp. 96-104 (9)
Helenara Machado da Silva, Jesaias Ismael da Costa, Alvimar Jose da Costa and Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani
Toxoplasmosis is a public health issue and an obstacle to the breeding of
goats. This zoonosis results in great economic losses in human beings and production
animals, being both infected from the food and water intake contaminated with
Toxoplasma gondii oocysts and this parasite causes severe clinical consequences,
among them reproductive problems. In caprines, the presence of antibodies against
T. gondii is common in herds. For this reason, toxoplasmic reinfection in these animals
can not be ruled out or neglected in animals naturally infected with T. gondii. In this
way, the objective of this chapter is to describe the main aspects of congenital
toxoplasmosis in pregnant goats, in different gestational stages, infected and reinfected
with T. gondii and their offspring.
Clinical disorders, Clinical signs, Congenital problems, Control,
Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Infection toxoplasmosis, Pathogenesis, Pregnant goats,
Prevention, Reinfection toxoplasmosis, Reproductive losses, Treatment.
UNESP, Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), Faculdade de Ciencias Agrarias e Veterinarias de Jaboticabal, Jaboticabal, Sao Paulo, Brasil.