Congenital Toxoplasmosis in Pigs
Pp. 82-95 (14)
Joao Luis Garcia
Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite distributed worldwide. It is an
obligatory intracellular parasite which can infect a wide variety of vertebrates and
different host cells. Usually, T. gondii infect pigs without causing any clinical signs.
However, although rare, it may provoke disease, presenting fever, anorexia, depression
and abortion. Pork is considered the main infection source for humans, and the risk of
acquiring infection through the consumption of raw or undercooked meat, which is
common in many regions, shows that the control of swine toxoplasmosis plays an
important role in the epidemiology of the disease. This chapter discusses aspects
related to the parasite-host relationship between T. gondii and pigs, such as
epidemiology, natural (congenital) and experimental infections, diagnosis, vaccines and
Apicomplexa, Coccidia, Congenital infection, Epidemiology, Piglets,
Protozoa infection, Protozoa parasites, Swine, Tissue cysts, Toxoplasma gondii,
Toxoplasmatidae, Toxoplasmosis infection, Vertical transmission.
Protozoology laboratory, Preventive Veterinary Medicine Department, Londrina State University, Londrina, PR, Brazil.