Mechanisms and Functions of the Cytosolic DNAJHsp70 Chaperone System
Pp. 214-250 (37)
Imad Baaklini and Jason C. Young
The Hsp70 chaperone system is central to the proteostasis network in the
cytosol of human cells. Hsp70 has roles in protein folding, the prevention and clearance
of aggregates, and various other biological processes. A range of co-chaperone proteins
regulate Hsp70, among these the Hsp40/DNAJ proteins are important activators of
Hsp70 function. Stress inducible Hsp70 and its non-inducible form Hsc70 are
ubiquitously expressed, and the most abundant DNAJs are DNAJA1 (Hdj2), DNAJA2
and DNAJB1 (Hsp40, Hdj1). Here, the mechanisms of Hsc70/Hsp70 with the DNAJs
is reviewed. An overview of biological functions of the major DNAJs is then presented,
particularly in the context of protein misfolding diseases.
DNAJ, Hsp40, Hsp70, Ion channel, Molecular chaperone,
Neurodegeneration, Protein aggregation, Protein degradation, Protein folding.
Department of Biochemistry, Groupe de Recherche Axe sur la Structure des Proteines, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.