Due to the environmental and energy issues in the world, the chemical fixation
of carbon dioxide into valuable products has been attracted many attentions in the recent
years. However, the utilization of the highly chemical stabile carbon dioxide requires high
bond cleavage energy of C=O bond. Thus, seeking and developments of the suitable catalysts
for the chemical fixation of carbon dioxide is quite important. Metal-organic frameworks
(MOFs), as a kind of porous materials, exhibit intriguing structural diversity and outstanding
physical and chemical properties. Their modular nature and facile tunability make
these materials ideal heterogeneous catalysts because they possess active sites and accessible
channels for the attraction and retention of substrates. In this review, we intended to discuss
the recent advances on some of the most interesting chemical fixation catalysis starting from
CO2 based on MOFs materials as heterogeneous catalysts under different conditions. Among all these excellent
works, we hope to find and highlight the effective approaches and technique in this field, and analyze the opportunities
and limitations for the MOFs catalysts for the future applications.
Keywords: Carbon dioxide, chemical fixation, metal-organic frameworks, heterogeneous catalysts, cyclic carbonates, carboxylation.
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