Physicians caring for children in trauma settings must consider and treat hypothermia
as a cause for morbidity and mortality. Knowledge of treatment of accidental hypothermia with
and without an asphyxial event is paramount. Clinicians need to identify hypothermia immediately
and be aware of the overall management utilizing aggressive rewarming and cardiopulmonary
resuscitation to help improve the survival of these critically ill children. This section reviews
the epidemiology, clinical effects, and management options for accidental hypothermia in
Keywords: Pediatric, hypothermia, trauma, core body temperature, neonates, death.
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