Safety and biocompatibility assessment of biomaterials are themes of constant concern as
advanced materials enter the market as well as products manufactured by new techniques emerge.
Within this context, this review provides an up-to-date approach on current methods for the characterization
and safety assessment of biomaterials and biomedical devices from a physical-chemical to a
biological perspective, including a description of the alternative methods in accordance with current
and established international standards.
Keywords: Biomaterials, Physico-chemical characterization, Biocompatibility, In silico, In vitro, In vivo, Ex vivo, Alternative
methods, International standards.
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