Aims and Background: The main purpose of our psycho-educational groups was to help
women with breast cancer, learn how to cope with the physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes associated
with cancer as well as with medical treatments that can be painful and traumatic. With this
study, we wanted to detect the effects that group action had on the women who participated in it.
Methods: We studied a total of 97 patients who participated in 13 psycho-education groups. The
whole sample was female patients who had breast cancer with no recurrence or metastases.
Results: All patients were evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the
Body Image Scale (BIS). We found no significant effect on anxiety and body image for the brief psycho-
educational group for women with breast cancer in this study. It is possible to highlight a statistical
difference and hence an improvement between the results of the HADS depression test at T0 (first
evaluation at the first meeting) and T1 (retest in the final meeting).
Conclusion: The tests did not show a significant effect on anxiety and body image perception, but the
patients reported that the psycho-educational group was an important intervention for their life. Outcome
measurement is more complex in psychosocial research because many variables come into play
and each phase of treatment is characterized by different types of problems for the patient: physical,
relational and psychological aspects are involved.