Designing of Artificial Peptides for an Improved Antiviral Activity

Author(s): Speranta Avram, Adina-Luminita Milac, Livia-Cristina Borcan, Dan Mihailescu, Florin Borcan*, Miguel Castanho.

Journal Name: Current Proteomics

Volume 15 , Issue 4 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Few HIV-1fusion and replication inhibitors were developed, with limited clinical applications because of their short half-life, drug resistance and cross-reactivity with preexisting antibodies in HIV-infected patients.

Objective: These limitations call for new strategies in the development of next anti-HIV-1 drugs. Among anti-gp41HIV-1 inhibitors, short-peptides exhibit high antiviral activity but the mechanism of action at molecular level has not been sufficiently addressed.

Method: We report potent QSAR (Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship) models, used for biological activity prediction of novel short HIV-1 gp41 inhibitor peptides in order to: (i) validate the anti-HIV-1 activity of MT-sifuvirtide, MT-SC34EK, MT-C34 and HP23, expressed as IC50fusion and IC50replication; (ii) predict inhibitory activity of SC24EK and its MT-derivative expressed as IC50resistant HIV-1 NL4-3 variant; (iii) propose new derivatives DMT-SC22EK, DMT-SC29EK and DMT-sifuvirtide through addition of aspartic acids by induced-mutagenesis; (iv) use molecular similarity established by fingerprint models to correlate molecular spatial features with predicted biological activity of newly generated inhibitors over parent compounds.

Results: We obtained good QSAR statistic parameters, demonstrating that our QSAR models are able to predict biological activity of new HIV-1 inhibitors with suitable accuracy.

Conclusion: Despite acknowledged drawbacks of a reduced dataset, our results may enhance the evaluation of biological activity of new and classical synthetic peptides as anti-HIV-1agents and represent a good start for further studies in developing new antiviral drugs.

Keywords: Antiviral peptide, enfuvirtide, gp41 inhibitor, HIV-1 infection, QSAR, sifuvirtide.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2018
Page: [258 - 266]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1570164615666180409151111
Price: $58

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