Background: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic multi systemic disorder with the
unclarified ethiopathology. Although several markers have been presented for recognition of RA,
but none of them has been specific. New markers such as HLA typing and activity of Adenosine
Deaminase (ADA) isoenzymes could be useful and specific.
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the pattern of ADA isoenzymes activity and HLA
typing in both RA patients and healthy cases.
Methods: Blood samples were collected from 55 RA patients and 60 healthy subjects, over a period
of 6 months. Levels of C-reactive Protein (CRP), Rheumatoid Factor (RF) and ADA (ADA1,
ADA2, total ADA) were measured using AVITEX kit and HITACHI Auto Analyzer. In addition,
HLA-DRB1*01,*04 and *10 was detected using PCR-SSP.
Results: ADA activity, particularly ADA2 level, was significantly higher among RA group (Pv
<0.05). The concentrations of tADA in patients with RF and CRP positive were significantly higher
(Pv <0.05). The allele prevalence of DRB1*01 was significantly higher in RA patients (13.1%)
compared with control group (5.5%, respectively) (P <0.05, Bonferroni adjustment P<0.003). Calculated
sensitivity and specificity for diagnostic tests in this study are listed as: CRP (75%), RF
(80%), ADA (84%) and RF (90%), ADA (83%), CRP (72%), respectively.
Conclusion: Increased tADA level and the frequency of DRB1*10 and *01 caused susceptibility to