The Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are compounds (i.e., Polycyclic Aromatic
Hydrocarbons PAHs, Polychlorinated Biphenyls PCBs, Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/
dibenzofurans PCDD/Fs, PBDDs, Polybrominated diphenyl ethers PBDEs, hexachlorocyclohexane
isomers HCHs, etc.) with precise physical and chemical properties
such that they remain intact for long periods. Because of their persistence, POPs bioaccumulate
with potential significant impacts on human health and the environment. Since the
last decades, the scientific community has felt the need to investigate such compounds at
very low levels and so it has developed novel analytical protocols based on extraction and
clean-up procedures followed by Gas Chromatography/High Performance Liquid Chromatography-
Mass Spectrometry (GC/HPLC-MS) analysis. This review would like to focus
the attention on analytical methodologies set up during the last 5 years (2012-2016): the main papers reporting
significant advancements in the analytical protocols for analyzing POPs in different environmental matrices
such as air, soil, water and waste, will be illustrated and discussed.
Keywords: Review, POPs, analytical methods, chromatography, air, soil, water, waste.
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