Background: Barnyard millet is rich in protein, iron, calcium, phosphorus, fibre and vitamin
content whereas finger millet is used in regular food and considered to be more nutritious than rice.
Objective: The aim of this research was to develop new food supplements with potential pharmacological
activity from readily accessed natural products.
Methods: In the present study, we investigated the nutritional and mineral profile of the extracts of
Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. and Echinochloa frumentacea Link seeds. The extraction process
involved fractionation with various solvents whereas the estimation of nutrients and minerals was
done using AOAC method and ICPMS techniques.
Results: The levels of crude protein, carbohydrates, crude fibre and ash content in E. coracana seeds
were found to 7.30%, 68.10%, 3.60% and 8.50%, respectively whereas 2.87%, 80.93%, 5.80% and
5.30%, respectively were measured in the seeds of E. frumentacea.
Conclusion: The seeds of E. coracana and E. frumentacea were found as highly medicinal and nutritional
due to the presence of vitamins, minerals and other needful nutrients.