The Challenges of Climate Change and Food Security in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): From Deep Understanding to Quick Actions

Author(s): Rahaf M. Ajaj, Suzan M. Shahin, Mohammed A. Salem*.

Journal Name: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Volume 15 , Issue 5 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Climate change and global warming became a real concern for global food security. The world population explosion is a critical factor that results in enormous emissions of greenhouse gasses (GHGs), required to cover the growing demands of fresh water, food, and shelter. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a significant oil-producing country, which is included in the list of 55 countries that produce at least 55% of the world’s GHGs and thus involved in the top 30 countries over the world with emission deficits. At the same time, the UAE is located in an arid region of the world, with harsh environmental conditions. The sharp population increases and the massive growth in the urbanization are primary sources, lead to further stresses on the agricultural sector. Thus, the future of the food production industry in the country is a challenging situation. Consequently, the primary objective of this work is to shed light on the current concerns related to climate change and food security, through describing the implications of climate change on the food production sector of the UAE. Tailored solutions that can rescue the future of food security in the country are also highlighted.

Keywords: Agricultural sector, climate change, food security, global warming, paris agreement 2015, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Shahin SM, Ajaj RM, Salem MA. Climate change and food security: Bridging the interaction gaps for future integrity. In: proceedings of the transitioning cereal systems to adapt to climate change Minneapolis, USA,. 2015; p. 41..
Jahan F, Quddusi KS. Climate change and Bangladesh: Geographical and socio-economic impacts. Dhaulagiri J Sociol Anthropol 2014; 7: 113-32.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). The state of food security in the world Rome, Italy. 2009.
Ajaj RM, Shahin SM, Salem MA. Proceedings of the annual research and innovation conference. 2015 November 24-25;
Ajaj RM, Salem MA. . Estimating the potential negative effects of elevated ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation on global agricultural sustainability: Status, challenges and recommendations. 2015. Proceeding of the annual meeting of the American society of agronomy (ASA). Synergy in Science
Grafton RQ, Williams J, Jiang Q. Food and water gaps to 2050: preliminary results from the global food and water system (GFWS) platform. Food Secur 2015; 7(2): 209-20.
Salem MA, Kakani VG, Koti S, Reddy KR. Pollen-based screening of soybean genotypes for high temperatures. Crop Sci 2007; 47(1): 219-31.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). World agriculture: Towards 2030/2050, Rome, Italy 2006.
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of climate change. The fifth assessment report 2014.
Sakschewski B, von Bloh W, Huber V, Müller C, Bondeau A. Feeding 10 billion people under climate change: how large is the production gap of current agricultural systems. Ecol Modell 2014; 288: 103-11.
Wang Y, Frei M. Stressed food-the impact of abiotic environmental stresses on crop quality. Agric Ecosyst Environ 2011; 141(3): 271-86.
Salem MA, Kakani VG, Reddy KR. Temperature effects on in vitro pollen germination and pollen tube growth of soybean genotypes. Annual meetings of the Southern Branch of the American Society of Agronomy 2004.
Grene R. Oxidative stress and acclimation mechanisms in plants Arabidopsis Book . 2002. 1e0036.
Julkunen-Tiitto R, Häggman H, Aphalo PJ, Lavola A, Tegelberg R, Veteli T. Growth and defense in deciduous trees and shrubs under UV-B. Environ Pollut 2005; 137(3): 404-14.
Mewis I, Schreiner M, Nguyen CN, et al. UV-B irradiation changes specifically the secondary metabolite profile in broccoli sprouts: induced signaling overlaps with defense response to biotic stressors. Plant Cell Physiol 2012; 53(9): 1546-60.
Tevini M, Teramura AH. UV‐B effects on terrestrial plants. Photochem Photobiol 1989; 50(4): 479-87.
AlFarra HJ, Abu-Hijleh B. The potential role of nuclear energy in mitigating CO2 emissions in the United Arab Emirates. Energy Policy 2012; 42: 272-85.
Shahin SM, Salem MA. The cost of landscaping beauty in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): Call for quick actions to save the irrigation resources. Proceedings of ICMT.
Shahin S, Salem MA. The three main reasons to focus on essential oil bearing plant species in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The first UAE graduate students research conference, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 2015.
EAD (Environmental Agency of Abu Dhabi). Abu Dhabi water resources master plan Abu Dhabi: UAE. 2009.
The World Bank. World development indicators: data for United Arab Emirates Washington, USA. 2016.
Ministry of Information and Culture. UAE yearbook, Abu Dhabi, UAE.
Radhi H. Evaluating the potential impact of global warming on the UAE residential buildings-a contribution to reduce the CO 2 emissions. Build Environ 2009; 44(12): 2451-62.
Ministry of Environment and Water (MEW) Agriculture information center Dubai UAE. 2005.
Shahin S, Salem M. The challenges of water scarcity and the future of food security in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Nat Resour Conserv 2015; 3(1): 1-6.
Murad AA, Al Nuaimi H, Al Hammadi M. Comprehensive assessment of water resources in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Water Resour Manage 2007; 21(9): 1449-63.
Mohammed AO, Shahin SM. Impact of soil magnetic properties on moisture content prediction using TDR. Geotech Test J 2010; 34: 273-8.
Environmental Agency of Abu Dhabi (EAD). EAD Corporate Strategy 2011 - 2015. 2012.
Ding Z, Duan X, Ge Q, Zhang Z. Control of atmospheric CO2 concentrations by 2050: A calculation on the emission rights of different countries. Sci China Ser D Earth Sci 2009; 52(10): 1447.
Shahin SM, Salem MA. The five key solutions to rescue the landscaping sector in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Discovery 2014; 25(88): 41-7.
Shahin SM, Salem MA. . Food security in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): The great competition between the agricultural and forestry sector on irrigation resources. Int J Res Sci (ISSN Online: 2412- 4389). 2015.Jun 15; 1(1): 19-23..
Shahin SM, Salem M. Review future concerns on irrigation requirements of date palm tree in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): call for quick actions. InThe 5th International Date Palm Conference 2014.
The United Nations. World populations policies: The demographic profile of the United Arab Emirates. 2011.
Wang W, Vinocur B, Altman A. Plant responses to drought, salinity and extreme temperatures: towards genetic engineering for stress tolerance. Planta 2003; 218(1): 1-14.
Ormrod DP, Hale BA. Physiological responses of plants and crops to ultraviolet-B radiation stress 1995; pp. 761-70.
Jansen MA, Hideg E, Lidon FJ. UV-B radiation: when does the stressor cause stress. Emir J Food Agric 2012; 24(6): 1-3.
Fagerberg WR, Bornman JF. Modification of leaf cytology and anatomy in Brassica napus grown under above ambient levels of supplemental UV-B radiation. Photochem Photobiol Sci 2005; 4(3): 275-9.
Hectors K, Prinsen E, De Coen W, Jansen MA, Guisez Y. Arabidopsis thaliana plants acclimated to low dose rates of ultraviolet B radiation show specific changes in morphology and gene expression in the absence of stress symptoms. New Phytol 2007; 175(2): 255-70.
Lidon FJ, Teixeira M, Ramalho JC. Decay of the chloroplast pool of ascorbate switches on the oxidative burst in UV‐B‐irradiated rice. J Agron Crop Sci 2012; 198(2): 130-44.
Zuk-Golaszewska K, Upadhyaya MK, Golaszewski J. The effect of UV-B radiation on plant growth and development. Plant Soil Environ 2003; 49(3): 135-40.
Matthew C, Hofmann A, Rapson GL, McKenzie RL, Kemp PD, Osborne MA. Growth of ryegrass and white clover under canopies with contrasting transmission of ultraviolet-B radiation. In: Proceedings Agronomy Society of New Zealand. 1996; Vol 26: pp. 23-30.
Barnes PW, Jordan PW, Gold WG, Flint SD, Caldwell MM. Competition, morphology and canopy structure in wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) and wild oat (Avena Fatua L.) Exposed to enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation. Funct Ecol 1988; 2(3): 384.
EPA. Stratospheric Ozone - AIRTrends 1995 Summary. Re-trieved from the Unietd States Environmental Protection Agency - EPA: http: //
Gingerich E. Climate change and business opportunities (Interview with Stefano Bertasi). J Values Based Leadersh 2016; 9(1): 25-43.
Hermwille L, Obergassel W, Ott HE, Beuermann C. UNFCCC before and after Paris-what’s necessary for an effective climate regime. Clim Policy 2017; 17(2): 150-70.
Kuzemko C, Lockwood M, Mitchell C, Hoggett R. Governing for sustainable energy system change: politics, contexts and contingency. Energy Res Soc Sci 2016; 12: 96-105.
Smith P, Olesen JE. Synergies between the mitigation of, and adaptation to, climate change in agriculture. J Agric Sci 2010; 148(5): 543-52.
Rhodes CJ. The 2015 Paris climate change conference: COP21. Sci Prog 2016; 99(Pt 1): 97-104.
Shahin S, Salem M. Water governance through regulations and responsibilities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The international water summit, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates 2013.
Asif M. Growth and sustainability trends in the buildings sector in the GCC region with particular reference to the KSA and UAE. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2016; 55: 1267-73.
Ajaj RM, Shahin SM, Salem MA. Climate change and food security: the effects of long-term elevated solar ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation on the agricultural sustainability in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In: proceedings of the annual research and innovation conference. United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), United Arab Emirates 2015; p. 238..
Shahin SM, Salem MA. Extracting therapeutic grade essential oils from the Lamiaceae plant family in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): Highlights on great possibilities and sever difficulties. In: Proceedings of the XII International Conference on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ICMAP). 2014.
Shahin S, Salem MA. Four reasons will convince the landscape decision makers to go for indigenous plants in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Int J Recent Dev Eng Technol 2014; 3: 1-8.
Shahin SM, Salem MA. The lifeline rescuers of tomorrow’s landscaping in the United Arab Emirates (UAE): all the hope rests on the indigenous plants. Proceedings of ICMT.
Michaels PJ, Knappenberger PC. The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the scientific “consensus” on global warming. Energy Environ 1996; 7(4): 333-48.
The World Bank. World development indicators: data for United Arab Emirates Washington, USA. 2014.
Zlatev ZS, Lidon FJ, Kaimakanova M. Plant physiological responses to UV-B radiation. Emir J Food Agric 2012; 24(6): 481.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2019
Page: [422 - 429]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573401314666180326163009
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 20