PI3K Signaling in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Mechanisms, Targets, and Therapy

Author(s): Flora Pirozzi , Kai Ren , Alessandra Murabito , Alessandra Ghigo* .

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 26 , Issue 16 , 2019

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Abstract:

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive respiratory disorder characterized by irreversible chronic inflammation and airflow obstruction. It affects more than 64 million patients worldwide and it is predicted to become the third cause of death in the industrialized world by 2030. Currently available therapies are not able to block disease progression and to reduce mortality, underlying the need for a better understanding of COPD pathophysiological mechanisms to identify new molecular therapeutic targets. Recent studies demonstrated that phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling is prominently activated in COPD and correlates with an increased susceptibility of patients to lung infections. PI3Ks have thus emerged as promising alternative drug targets for COPD and a wide array of pan-isoform and isoform-selective inhibitors have been tested in preclinical models and are currently being evaluated in clinical studies. Here, we summarize the recent knowledge on the involvement of PI3K enzymes in the pathophysiology of COPD, and we discuss the most recent results arising from the preclinical as well as the clinical testing of PI3K inhibitors as novel therapeutics for COPD.

Keywords: COPD, PI3K, inflammation, targeted therapy, clinical testing, P13K inhibitors.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 26
ISSUE: 16
Year: 2019
Page: [2791 - 2800]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666180320120054
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