Background: The development of novel nanostructures for pharmaceutical analysis has received
great attention. Biosensors are a class of analytical techniques competent in the rapid quantification
of drugs. Recently, the nanostructures have been applied for modification of biosensors.
Objective: The goal of the present study is to review novel nanostructures for pharmaceutical analysis
Method: In this review, the application of different biosensors was extensively discussed.
Results: Biosensors based nanostructures are a powerful alternative to conventional analytical techniques,
enabling highly sensitive, real-time, and high-frequency monitoring of drugs without extensive
sample preparation. Several examples of their application have been reported.
Conclusion: The present paper reviews the recent advances on the pharmaceutical analysis of biosensor