Transient Secondary Hypothyroidism and Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy in Pediatric Postoperative Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Author(s): Travis F. D`Souza, Steven G. Hoshal, Ridwaan Albeiruti, Mario P. Zambito, Giuseppe M. Zambito, Faizan M. Khan, Bennett P. Samuel, Teri L. Crumb, Surender Rajasekaran, Joseph J. Vettukattil*.

Journal Name: Current Cardiology Reviews

Volume 14 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: To develop an understanding of current practices in the management of transient secondary hypothyroidism in pediatric postoperative cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) patients.

Methods: Electronic survey comprising a 10-item questionnaire was sent to sixty-four high volume pediatric heart centers in the United States and United Kingdom. Survey participants included cardiologists, intensivists, cardiothoracic surgeons, and advanced practice providers. A retrospective chart review was also performed at a large regional referral center in the Midwest on subjects 0-18 years old who underwent CPB from 2005-2015. Information obtained included a unique identifier, date of birth, age, procedure performed, CPB time, date of surgery and date and type of Thyroid Function Test (TFT) ordered.

Results: 1,153 individuals from 64 congenital heart centers were contacted via email to participate in the electronic survey. In the 3-month response window, 129 completed surveys were received from cardiologists (55%), intensivists (17%), surgeons (15%), “other” (8%), and advanced practice providers (5%). This yielded a response rate of 11.2%. Of the 129 respondents, only 10 providers routinely order TFTs prior to (n=7) and after (n=1) CPB or when clinically indicated (n=2). All 10 providers order thyroid stimulating hormone test, 7 order thyroxine, and 3 order triiodothyronine. Only 1 provider routinely treats children with prophylactic thyroid hormone replacement therapy after CPB. Our retrospective review included 502 CPB events with 442 unique patients. Of the events, 20 patients received preoperative TFT testing while 11 received postoperative testing.

Conclusions: There is a general lack of uniformity in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of transient secondary hypothyroidism in pediatric postoperative CPB patients.

Keywords: Cardiac function, physiology, cardiopulmonary bypass, CPB, congenital heart disease, CHD, hormones.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [121 - 127]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573403X14666180226160749

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