The use of antipsychotic medications presents a trade-off for the treating physician.
On the one hand, there is enough literature regarding the efficacy of these medications
to support their judicial use, while on the other, chronic and at time impairing side effects are
troubling to both physicians and the patients. Extrapyramidal side effects are the hallmark of
first-generation antipsychotics, while metabolic side effects including weight gain, diabetes
mellitus, and lipid abnormalities are more common with second-generation antipsychotics.
This article presents a concise overview of the current literature on antipsychotic-related side
effects and treatment options.
Keywords: Mental health, children, and adolescents, psychopharmacology, antipsychotics, side effects,
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