Background: Usually, diphteria toxin concentration and purification are performed after
detoxification due to its high danger. In this work, an alternative diphteria toxoid (DTx) concentration
and purification method by affinity chromatography is proposed.
Methods: Screening of 19 triazinic dyes for selecting the best ligand for DTx concentration and purification
by affinity chromatography was performed.
Results: Cibacron Blue 3GA and Reactive Green 10 showed the highest affinity for DTx. The adsorption
isotherms of DTx on Cibacron Blue 3GA-Sepharose and Reactive Green 19-Sepharose
showed a good fit of experimental data to a Langmuir-type isotherm and allowed the calculation of
a maximum capacity (qm) of 1.21 ± 0.12 µmol DTx/mL matrix and 1.44 ± 0.14 µmol DTx/mL matrix,
respectively and a dissociation constant (Kd) of 9.75 ± 2.90 µM and 1.58 ± 0.38 µM, respectively.
Blue R-HE-Sepharose isotherm did not show a good fit of experimental data to a Langmuirtype
isotherm due to its high Kd.
Conclusion: Cibacron Blue 3GA and Reactive Green 10 are promising ligands for concentration
and purification of DTx by affinity chromatography.