Background: India is the land of agriculture. Agriculture and gardening is not only done at a
huge level but also at small piece of land, it is a backbone of Indian economy. Small gardens are maintained
within the boundary of home. Water consumption in agriculture and gardening is at high level.
But due to irregular monsoon and decreased ground water level it is hard to irrigate the farm and gardens.
We have referred 03 patents which motivated us to revolutionize the agriculture sector.
Objectives: Initial stages our scope is limited to home garden and we have proposed a GUI with which
end user can get many things such as pH of the soil, conductivity and TDS of the water, temperature
and humidity relationship, effect of temperature and humidity on the moisture, soil analysis, moisture
holding capacity of the soil etc. Irrigation plays important role in yielding of any plant. In this proposed
system, we have proposed a priority driven based irrigation model that supplies optimum and good
quality water to the crops with the help of Wireless Sensor Network.
Methods: This proposed model is based on sensing the soil moisture, temperature, humidity and other
factor which affect the irrigation and supplies the water according to the priority of the requirement to
the plant. It is crop independent system, which can be implemented for basic crops, commercials crops,
garden and orchards, as basis for this proposed system is important to immediately irrigate the plant
wherever soil moisture level will be less. Smart irrigation is the new trend and we can say thirst now a
days and it is the major requirement due to many critical factors such as irregularity of monsoon, less
availability of water etc. Even though sufficient water is available still we have to make sure whether it
is good to use for better yielding of crops. At the same time temperature, humidity, air flow, soil moisture
will play important roles in better crop yielding. Wireless sensor network in which ‘n’ no. of issues
need to be discussed for the smooth execution of various tasks. Some challenges have been pointed out
through this work and important issues which must be considered.
Conclusion: final testing shows how this approach is beneficial to the society. In agriculture and gardening
now onwards water consumption will be at low level. At the same time this proposed system
shows additional advantages to the end user i.e. quality of water utilization in terms of TDS, Conductivity
and pH of the water. Similarly, w.r.t. soil, if due to excess utilization of fertilizers and pesticides pH
is changing then also same thing will be noticed by avoiding future losses.