Background: According to global eradication initiative program, poliomyelitis was eradicated
all over the world except Pakistan and Afghanistan due to some challenges like misconceptions,
non-compliances, political and militancy issues, etc.
Objective: This study quantitatively evaluates the knowledge, attitude and perception of general public
regarding polio and its vaccination in district Abbottabad and Mansehra, KPK, Pakistan.
Method: A cross sectional study design involving 800 participants was conducted from November 2015
to February 2016 in district Abbottabad and Mansehra of KPK, Pakistan. To collect the data from eligible
participants, pre tested self-administered questionnaire was used. Descriptive and binary logistic
regression analysis was used to express the results of the study.
Results: A total of 53.8% participants exhibited appropriate knowledge about polio and its vaccination.
Higher qualification (p<0.001), urban locality (p<0.05), paid employed (p<0.05) and primary information
source (p<0.001) were significantly associated with appropriate knowledge of polio and its vaccination.
About 71.6% of the participants showed positive attitude towards polio and its vaccination. Older
age (p<0.001), self-employment (p<0.05), high income (p<0.001), urban residence (p<0.001) and primary
information source i.e. village and community leaders (p<0.05) were significantly associated with
the positive attitudes of participants towards polio and its vaccination. About 56.90% participants had
wrong perception about which treatment is best for polio. Overall perception about polio and its vaccination
was significantly associated with participants of older age (p<0.001), gender specially females
(p<0.05), employment status i.e. self- employment (p<0.001), higher income (p<0.001), marital status
(p<0.05) and urban residency (p<0.05).
Conclusion: This study identified some important issues related to polio vaccination which can help in
eradicating polio by effective immunization campaigns in Pakistan.