Background: Regenerative medicine aims to provide therapeutic treatment for disease or
injury, and cell-based therapy is a newer therapeutic approach different from conventional medicine.
Ethical issues that rose by the utilisation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) and the limited
capacity of adult stem cells, however, hinder the application of these stem cells in regenerative
medicine. Recently, isolation and characterisation of c-kit positive cells from human amniotic fluid, which
possess intermediate characteristics between hESCs and adult stem cells, provided a new approach
towards realising their promise for fetal and adult regenerative medicine. Despite the number of studies
that have been initiated to characterize their molecular signature, research on developing approaches to
maintain and enhance their regenerative potential is urgently needed and must be developed.
Aim: Thus, this review is focused on understanding their potential uses and factors influencing their
pluripotent status in vitro.
Conclusion: In short, this cell source could be an ideal cellular resource for pluripotent cells for
potential applications in allogeneic cellular replacement therapies, fetal tissue engineering,
pharmaceutical screening, and in disease modelling.