Associations between Adiponectin Gene Variability, Proinflammatory and Angiogenetic Markers: Implications for Microvascular Disease Development in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Author(s): Christina Kollia, Alexios S. Antonopoulos, Gerasimos Siasos*, Theodosia Konsola, Evangelos Oikonomou, Nikolaos Gouliopoulos, Vasiliki Tsigkou, Aggeliki Papapanagiotou, Eva Kassi, Nicholas Tentolouris, Niki Katsiki, Manolis Vavuranakis, Athanasios G. Papavassiliou, Dimitris Tousoulis.

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 17 , Issue 2 , 2019

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Abstract:

Background: Adiponectin gene (ADIPOQ) variability may affect the risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) but it remains unclear whether it is involved in microvascular complications.

Objective: To explore the impact of ADIPOQ variability on markers of inflammation and angiogenesis in T2DM.

Methods: Overall, 220 consecutive T2DM patients from our outpatient diabetic clinic were genotyped for G276T (rs1501299) and T45G (rs2241766) single nucleotide polymorphisms of ADIPOQ gene. Serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and high sensitivity Creactive protein (hsCRP) by immunonephelometry.

Results: Homozygosity for the G allele on rs2241766 was associated with significantly lower serum VEGF and ICAM-1 levels compared with other genotype groups, but had no effect on IL-6. Genetic variability on rs1501299 was not associated with either VEGF or ICAM-1 levels, but T homozygotes for rs1501299 had significantly lower IL-6 concentrations compared with G carriers. Furthermore, the presence of the G allele on rs2241766 was associated with significantly lower HbA1c, whereas no associations were observed for both body mass index and hsCRP with either rs2241766 or rs1501299.

Conclusion: Genetic variability on adiponectin gene was associated with serum levels of inflammatory and angiogenetic markers. Further research is required to elucidate the role of adiponectin in the development and/or progression of microvascular disease in T2DM patients.

Keywords: ADIPOQ, adiponectin, angiogenesis, diabetes mellitus, inflammation, microvascular disease.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2019
Page: [204 - 208]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1570161116666180108113825
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