Imparting Pharmaceutical Applications to the Surface of Fabrics for Wound and Skin Care by Ultrasonic Waves

Author(s): Aharon Gedanken, Nina Perkas, Ilana Perelshtein*, Anat Lipovsky.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 25 , Issue 41 , 2018

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In this review, we report the functionalization of textiles composed of nanoscale reactive materials in the treatment of wounds and skin diseases such as acne. In view of the growing demand for high-quality textiles, much research is focused on the creation of antimicrobial finishings for fabrics, in order to protect customers from pathogenic or odorgenerating microorganisms. We present coatings from inorganic, organic and biochemical nanoparticles (NPs) on surfaces that impart the ability to kill bacteria, avoid biofilm formation and speed up the recovery of wounds. In all three cases, sonochemistry is used for immobilizing the nanoparticles on the surfaces. The Introduction broadly covers the progress of nanotechnology in the fields of wound and skin care. The first section of this review outlines the mechanism of the ultrasound-assisted deposition of nanoparticles on textiles. The coating can be performed by an in-situ process in which the nanoparticles are formed and subsequently thrown onto the surface of the fabrics at a very high speed. This approach was used in depositing metal-oxide NPs such as ZnO, CuO and Zn-CuO or the organic NPs of tannic acid, chitosan, etc. on textiles. In addition, the sonochemical process can be used as a "throwing stone" technique, namely, previously synthesized or commercially purchased NPs can be placed in the sonication bath and sonicated in the presence of the fabric. The collapse of the acoustic bubble in the solution causes the throwing of the immersed commercial NPs onto the textiles. This section will also outline why sonochemical deposition on textiles is considered the best coating technique. The second section will discuss new applications of the sonochemically- coated textiles in killing bacteria, avoiding biofilm formation and more.

Two points should be noted: 1) the review will primarily report results obtained at Bar-Ilan University and 2) since for all textiles tested in our experiments (cotton, polyester, nylon, nonwoven) similar results were obtained, the type of textile used in a specific experiment will not be mentioned - textiles will be discussed in general. It is also worth emphasizing that this review concentrates only on the sonochemical coating of textiles, ignoring other deposition techniques.

Keywords: Antibacterial activity, coating, metal oxides, nanoparticles, sonochemistry.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Page: [5739 - 5754]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/0929867325666171229141635
Price: $58

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