250 Years of Industrial Consumption and Transformation of Nature: Impacts on Global Ecosystems and Life

250 Years of Industrial Consumption and Transformation of Nature: Impacts on Global Ecosystems and Life

Indexed in: EBSCO.

Anthropogenic changes in the environment, caused by 250 years of economic growth and utilization of fuel and mineral resources, have considerably impacted the natural environment. The resulting ...
[view complete introduction]

US $
15

*(Excluding Mailing and Handling)



Transformation of Ecosystems in the Spheres of Earth

Pp. 57-58 (2)

Hubert Engelbrecht

Abstract

Anthropogenic forcings caused complex ecosystem transformations in the pedo-, cryo-, hydro-, atmo-, and biospheres and global adaptive pressure on biota.

Keywords:

Adaptation, Anthropogenic forcings, Ecosystem transformations.

Affiliation:

Environmental Geology, Munich, Germany.