250 Years of Industrial Consumption and Transformation of Nature: Impacts on Global Ecosystems and Life

250 Years of Industrial Consumption and Transformation of Nature: Impacts on Global Ecosystems and Life

Anthropogenic changes in the environment, caused by 250 years of economic growth and utilization of fuel and mineral resources, have considerably impacted the natural environment. The resulting ...
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Transformation of Ecosystems in the Spheres of Earth

Pp. 57-58 (2)

Hubert Engelbrecht

Abstract

Anthropogenic forcings caused complex ecosystem transformations in the pedo-, cryo-, hydro-, atmo-, and biospheres and global adaptive pressure on biota.

Keywords:

Adaptation, Anthropogenic forcings, Ecosystem transformations.

Affiliation:

Environmental Geology, Munich, Germany.