This review includes a comprehensive, but succinct, summary on the essentials of TGF-
β structure, family members, receptors, and intracellular mediators. Also provided is a select list of
original publications that report novel roles and facets of TGF-β in vascular function and signaling in the
contexts of health and disease.
Keywords: TGF, vascular, angiogenesis, hypertension, EndMT, fibrosis.
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