Exploring Promising Immunomodulatory Potential of Natural and Synthetic 1,3-Diphenyl-2-propen-1-one Analogs: A Review of Mechanistic Insight

Author(s): Muhammad Hassan Safdar, Humna Hasan, Sajal Afzal, Zahid Hussain*.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 12 , 2018

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Abstract:

The immune system is an intricate and coordinated nexus serving as a natural defense to preclude internal and external pathogenic insults. The deregulation in the natural balance of immunological functions as a consequence of either over expression or under expression of immune cells tends to cause disruption of homeostasis in the body and may lead to development of numerous immune system disorders. Chalcone moieties (1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one) have been well-documented as ideal lead compounds or precursors to design a wide range of pharmacologically active agents to down-regulate various immune disorders. Owing to their unique structural and molecular framework, these α, β-unsaturated carbonyl-based moieties have also gained remarkable recognition due to their other multifarious pharmacological properties including antifungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial, antibacterial, anti-tuberculosis, and anticancer potential. Though a great number of methodologies are currently being employed for their synthesis, this review mainly focuses on the natural and synthetic chalcone derivatives that are exclusively synthesized via Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction and their immunomodulatory prospects. We have critically reviewed the literature and provided convincing evidence for the promising efficacy of chalcone derivatives to modulate functioning of various innate and adaptive immune players including granulocytes, mast cells, monocytes, macrophages, platelets, dendritic cells, natural killer cells, and T-lymphocytes.

Keywords: Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction, natural and synthetic chalcones, efficient immunomodulation, innate and adaptive immune players, phagocytes, infection.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 12
Year: 2018
Page: [1047 - 1063]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/1389557517666171123212039
Price: $58

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