High-Throughput Screening Strategies for the Development of Anti-Virulence Inhibitors Against Staphylococcus aureus

Author(s): Xiaodan Cai, Weihao Zheng, Zigang Li*.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 26 , Issue 13 , 2019

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Background: The increasing threats of antibiotic resistance urge the need for developing new approaches to combat bacterial infections including those caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Unlike conventional antibiotics that aim to kill bacteria or inhibit their growth, targeting bacterial virulence may be a promising alternative approach, which imposes less selective pressure for antibiotic resistance in future generations.

Objective: Our goal is to provide a systematic review about developing high-throughput screening (HTS) strategies for the identification of inhibitors targeting virulence of S. aureus. We also describe an overview of virulence regulatory pathways for potential antivirulence targets.

Methods: We focus on five potential targets or target families, including agr quorum sensing system, SarA/MgrA protein family, sortase A, Clp protease and eukaryotic-like Ser/Thr phosphatase (Stp1). For each target, we introduce its role in virulence regulation, summarize the HTS approaches that are used to identify novel anti-virulence inhibitors, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of these strategies.

Conclusion: The discovery of anti-virulence inhibitors via HTS underlines the promising potential of anti-virulence therapy for S. aureus. The development of HTS strategies can facilitate the identification of novel anti-virulence inhibitors for combating S. aureus infection, and may also advance our understanding on virulence regulation in S. aureus.

Keywords: High-throughput screening, anti-virulence, Staphylococcus aureus, agr, SarA/MgrA, sortase A, ClpP, Stp1.

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Year: 2019
Page: [2297 - 2312]
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DOI: 10.2174/0929867324666171121102829
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