Depression and Self-Efficacy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Northern Greece

Author(s): Paraskevi Sympa, Eugenia Vlachou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Ourania Govina, George Stamatiou, Maria Lavdaniti*.

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 18 , Issue 4 , 2018

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Background: Depression represents one of the most common disorders in diabetic patients and frequently complicates the health care of this population. Poor self-efficacy has been associated with increased depressive symptoms as well as poor glycemic control.

Objective: To assess depression and self-efficacy in adults with type 2 diabetes in Northern Greece and to explore the factors which may affect them in this group of population.

Method: A descriptive study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in the largest city of Northern Greece. The study group included a convenience sample of 170 adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus who completed the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) and the Diabetes Empowerment Scale- short form (DES) questionnaire.

Results: The overall rate of diabetic patients showing psychological distress in the present study was 50.6%. Adults with low and moderate income experienced higher levels of depression and anxiety, compared to those with high economical status (p<0,001). Also, adults who graduated elementary education experienced higher levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms than those with a higher educational level (p =0,038). There was a statistically significant difference between age (p<0.001), type of residence (p=0.019), family status (p=0,002), financial status (p<0.001) and self-efficacy. Also, there was a negative correlation between BMI and self-efficacy (r=-0.206, p<0.001) and a negative correlation between depression and self-efficacy scale (r=-0.439, p<0.001).

Conclusion: The results of the present study highlight the importance of well-planned interventions in order to reduce depression and increase self-efficacy in diabetic adults and to help them further improve their quality of life.

Keywords: Depression, anxiety, distress, self-efficacy, diabetes mellitus, Greece.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2018
Page: [371 - 378]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871530317666171120154002
Price: $58

Article Metrics

PDF: 15
PRC: 1