Background: Energy-Efficiency is an important issue in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)
since sensors are battery powered and are deployed in unattended environments. Long distance transmission
is very expensive in WSNs since power consumption is proportional to dα for transmitting over
distance d, where α is path loss exponent in the interval [2:6]. Thus, there is a necessary requirement of
relay nodes in the network that are capable of performing data sensing, data aggregation and data routing,
as described in various patents.
Method: This paper presents a Layered Relay-Medium Access Control (LR-MAC) Protocol for a Personal
Area Network. This protocol introduces the concept of multi-layering for the relay (routing)
nodes. The protocol is validated by doing extensive simulations in QualNet 6.1 network simulator. The
QoS parameters are analyzed for three different deployment strategies viz. random, grid and circular.
Results: The results show that LR-MAC Protocol is an efficient technique in terms of improving network
lifetime, average throughput and reducing number of packets dropped due to channel access failure
in the network; while LR-MAC gives a neutral performance in terms of end-to-end delay in the
Conclusion: LR-MAC protocol can efficiently work for random deployments as well as for wellplanned
effective deployments like in smart building monitoring. The network can also be modified for
large areas by increasing number of deployed sensor nodes and keeping node density constant.