A Layered Relay-Medium Access Control (LR-MAC) Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Author(s): Ranjana Thalore*, Manish K. Jha, Partha P. Bhattacharya.

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Computer Science

Volume 10 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Energy-Efficiency is an important issue in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) since sensors are battery powered and are deployed in unattended environments. Long distance transmission is very expensive in WSNs since power consumption is proportional to dα for transmitting over distance d, where α is path loss exponent in the interval [2:6]. Thus, there is a necessary requirement of relay nodes in the network that are capable of performing data sensing, data aggregation and data routing, as described in various patents.

Method: This paper presents a Layered Relay-Medium Access Control (LR-MAC) Protocol for a Personal Area Network. This protocol introduces the concept of multi-layering for the relay (routing) nodes. The protocol is validated by doing extensive simulations in QualNet 6.1 network simulator. The QoS parameters are analyzed for three different deployment strategies viz. random, grid and circular.

Results: The results show that LR-MAC Protocol is an efficient technique in terms of improving network lifetime, average throughput and reducing number of packets dropped due to channel access failure in the network; while LR-MAC gives a neutral performance in terms of end-to-end delay in the network.

Conclusion: LR-MAC protocol can efficiently work for random deployments as well as for wellplanned effective deployments like in smart building monitoring. The network can also be modified for large areas by increasing number of deployed sensor nodes and keeping node density constant.

Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, multi-layering, energy hole, relay/routing node, LR-MAC, energy efficiency, QoS parameters.

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Article Details

Year: 2017
Page: [255 - 264]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/2213275910666171116151630
Price: $58

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