Victims of Terrorism in Spain Over Two Centuries: The Path to Specific Legal Protection
Pp. 181-200 (20)
In this chapter, we address the evolution of the legal protection for victims
of terrorism in Spain over two centuries. Due to the escalating terrorist violence that
affected Spain in the second half of the 20th century, we will highlight the fact that
lawmakers, up until the ‘80s, adopted a punitive approach to terrorists and,
consequently, delayed the adoption of measures of assistance and reparation for victims
of terrorism. In addition, we will stress that, from the '80s of the 20th century, thanks to
the demands of a number of survivors and relatives of victims of terrorism, lawmakers
became aware of the needs required by victims of terrorism and tried to meet the most
urgent ones via compensatory legislative measures, specifically dedicated to this
collective. With this in mind, we will show how Spanish lawmakers have taken a path
to the adoption of specific legal protection for victims of terrorism, differentiating this
vulnerable group from other victims of violent crime. However, although needs of
victims of terrorism generated by the personal dimension of the crime of terrorism
have been exhaustively met, we will highlight that the public dimension of the harm
caused by terrorism creates certain needs that have not yet been fully met by
lawmakers in Spain (and in the rest of the world).
Public dimension of harm, Public recognition, Solidarity, Specific
legal protection, Comprehensive reparation, Constitutional State, Victims of
terrorism, Vulnerable persons, Vulnerable groups.
Department of Legal Science, Catholic University of Santo Toribio de Mogrovejo, Chiclayo, Peru.