Background: Carbon-based structural materials are widely studied in the field
of renewable energy and environmental sciences. Utilization of abundant, natural, renewable
energy precursors together with simple and low energy processes can contribute to
reduced emissions of greenhouse gas so is considered as fundamental for manufacturing
of sustainable nanostructured materials.
Description: Among different resources available for the generation of nanostructured
materials, plant biomass is superior in terms of economic, environmental and social issues.
In addition, transformation of low-value biomass to emerging renewable materials is
advantageous compared to dumping and incinerating the biomass. There are a number of
techniques and processes for the production of nanostructured materials from biomass.
Pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) may be used to convert biomass into nanostructured materials.
Objective: This study reviews and compares the production of nanostructured materials from pyrolysis and
HTC. Furthermore, the latest developments in pyrolysis and HTC for nanomaterials production are assessed
and comparative characteristics are studied for nanomaterials obtained.