Background: Childhood injuries are a global epidemic. Accidents resulting in childhood
injury and death were first identified as a concern over a century ago. However, “accidents” leading
to injury were not recognized as being predictable and preventable until more recently.
Objectives: To describe the worldwide epidemic of childhood injuries, and look at international
successes in the field of injury prevention.
Methods: Literature pertaining to injury prevention was reviewed to describe the history of
childhood injury prevention, guiding principles of injury prevention, successful strategies for
prevention, and future directions.
Result and Conclusion: Through surveillance, evidence-based injury prevention initiatives, and
multi-disciplinary collaboration, we anticipate further reduction in childhood injuries.