Background: Phenolic resins received greater attention from academic researchers and made
prestigious status among all thermoset resins. Several effective attempts have made to explore different
synthesis processes of producing phenolic in more useful and advanced way. Since the date of innovation,
huge varieties of biocomposites and composites products have been produced for various applications.
Methods: Among all types of Phenolic resin related applications, Phenolic resin molding compounds
have been used for highest utility products due to better mechanical strength, resistance, long-term reliability
and cost effectiveness.
Results: Currently, modified phenolic resins are broadly used in the fabrication of synthetic/natural
fiber reinforced composites in order to replace metals and ceramics on industrial level owing to its superior
mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. This review article is intended to present an overview
on the phenolic chemistry, curing process, structure, synthesis and its properties.
Conclusion: The present review article also aims to cover the reported research works on modified
phenolic, and bio-phenolic resins, and their diverse industrial applications to support the ongoing research
and development in green sustainable commercial products.