Beyond The Therapeutic Effect of rTMS in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Possible Neuroprotective Role of Hippocampal BDNF? : A Minireview

Author(s): Burak Yulug*, Lutfu Hanoglu, Elmir Khanmammadov, Ozge Arici Duz, Burcu Polat, Taha Hanoglu, Mehmet Yalcin Gunal, Ertugrul Kilic.

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 17 , 2018

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Abstract:

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a well known non-invasive brain stimulation procedure which is capable of inducing the expression of the hippocampal BDNF that has been already shown to exert significant neuroprotective and pro-cognitive effects in AD. However, it is nearly impossible directly to evaluate the BDNF expression in humans after rTMS application. Here we summarized the underlying mechanisms of the neuroprotective and procognitive effect of BDNF that can be induced through a region-specific rTMS approach. Additionally, we have also evaluated the role of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in monitoring the BDNF response after rTMS application in Alzheimer’s Disease. We have provided strong evidence that rTMS exerts significant neuroprotective and pro-cognitive effects through the expression of hippocampal BDNF. Furthermore, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy might play a critical role in monitoring the BDNF response after rTMS application in AD patients. Such a sophisticated approach might be able to enlighten us on the time-dependent cognitive and neuroprotective correlates of the rtMS application in AD patients.

Keywords: rTMS, BDNF, MRS, hippocampus, neuroprotective, AD patients.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 17
Year: 2018
Page: [1479 - 1485]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1389557517666170927162537
Price: $58

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