Organic Nanotheranostics for Photoacoustic Imaging-Guided Phototherapy

Author(s): Houjuan Zhu, Chen Xie, Peng Chen, Kanyi Pu*.

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 26 , Issue 8 , 2019

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Abstract:

Phototherapies including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) have emerged as one of the avant-garde strategies for cancer treatment. Photoacoustic (PA) imaging is a new hybrid imaging modality that shows great promise for real-time in vivo monitoring of biological processes with deep tissue penetration and high spatial resolution. To enhance therapeutic efficacy, reduce side effects and minimize the probability of over-medication, it is necessary to use imaging and diagnostic methods to identify the ideal therapeutic window and track the therapeutic outcome. With this regard, nanotheranostics with the ability to conduct PA imaging and PTT/PDT are emerging. This review summarizes the recent progress of organic nanomaterials including nearinfrared (NIR) dyes and semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) in PA imaging guided cancer phototherapy, and also addresses their present challenges and potential in clinical applications.

Keywords: Photothermal therapy, Photodynamic therapy, Photoacoustic imaging, Nanotheranostic, Near infrared dyes, Semiconducting polymers.

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VOLUME: 26
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2019
Page: [1389 - 1405]
Pages: 17
DOI: 10.2174/0929867324666170921103152
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