Mass Spectrometry of Chlorophylls from Phototrophic Prokaryotes

Author(s): Ruth L. Airs* .

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 22 , Issue 9 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Phototrophic prokaryotes inhabit a diverse array of environments on our planet and also contain a wide range of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls, encompassing both chlorin and bacteriochorin structures.

Objective: This review considers the ecological niches of the phototrophic prokaryotes, together with the mass spectrometric study of their chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll pigments.

Methods: A thorough review of the mass spectrometry literature on chlorophylls from phototrophic prokaryotes has been carried out.

Results: Mass spectrometry, particularly coupled with liquid chromatography and used in conjunction with soft ionization techniques, has been pivotal in the assignment of closely related chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll structures from these organisms.

Conclusion: Exploration of our natural environment continues to find previously uncharacterized photosynthetic prokaryotes, utilizing subtle but significant modifications to the chlorophyll and bacteriochlorophyll structures in our current knowledge.

Keywords: Bacteriochlorophyll, chlorophyll f, chlorophyll d, fragmentation, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, photosynthetic bacteria.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 22
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2018
Page: [877 - 884]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1385272821666170920164422
Price: $58

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