Characterization of Imatinib Resistant CML Leukemic Stem/Initiating Cells and Their Sensitivity to CBP/Catenin Antagonists

Author(s): Yi Zhao, Kaijin Wu, Yongfeng Wu, Elizabeth Melendez, Goar Smbatyan, David Massiello, Michael Kahn*.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Pharmacology

Volume 11 , Issue 2 , 2018

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background and Objective: The development of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor Imatinib (IM) represents a milestone in CML (Chronic Myeloid Leukemia) treatment. However, it is not curative and patients develop IM resistance. IM resistance has been previously correlated with the emergence of drug-resistant LIC/LSC (Leukemia Initiating Cell/Leukemia Stem Cell) and increased nuclear catenin levels and enhanced Wnt signaling. It has been demonstrated previously that drug resistant CML LIC/LSC can be safely eliminated both in vitro and in vivo via disruption of the CBP/catenin interaction, utilizing the highly biochemically selective small molecule CBP/catenin antagonist ICG- 001.

Methods: Here, we utilized an in vitro IM selection of primary CML patients' samples to identify drug-resistant LIC/LSC populations. In this report, we characterized the drug-resistant CML LIC/LSC population using FACS, Smartchip qPCR and colony assays to analyze cell surface markers, transcriptomics and function.

Results: As opposed to previous characterization of the CML leukemic stem cell population as being either CD34+CD38- or CD34+CD38+, the in vitro selected Imatinib resistant (IM-R) CML LSC population was consistently CD34-CD38-. In Long-Term Culture Initiating Cell assay (LTC-IC, a surrogate assay for long term repopulating stem cells), our results suggest that the CBP/catenin antagonist ICG- 001 sensitizes LIC/LSC to IM treatment by forced differentiative elimination of the CML LIC/LSC population.

Conclusion: In vitro selected IM resistant cells are negative for both CD34 and CD38 by FACS analysis. These cells acquire CD34/CD38 expression after co-culture with stromal cells. CBP/catenin antagonist ICG-001 facilitates IM function in eliminating these cells.

Keywords: Leukemia Stem Cell/Leukemia Initiating Cell (LIC/LSC), CBP/catenin antagonist, Wnt, ICG-001, Imatinib (IM).

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2018
Page: [113 - 121]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1874467210666170919155739

Article Metrics

PDF: 43
HTML: 5
EPUB: 3
PRC: 2