Antileukemic Properties of Sesquiterpene Lactones: A Systematic Review

Author(s): Elaine da Silva Castro, Livia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Jonathas Felipe Revoredo Lobo, Norman Arthur Ratcliffe, Ricardo Moreira Borges, Leandro Rocha, Patricia Burth, Lidia Maria Fonte Amorim*.

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 18 , Issue 3 , 2018

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Abstract:

This review summarizes the reported molecular mechanisms underlying the antileukemic property of Sesquiterpene Lactones (SLs). This systematic review was registered in the PROSPERO database and conducted following the PRISMA Statements. The MeSH terms, Sesquiterpenes, Lactones and Leukemia were used in four databases (Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus and Bireme). There were 281 studies selected, but after exclusions, due to replication (n = 172) or not following PECOS criteria (n = 24), 148 studies remained. Of the 148 articles, only 22 were submitted to quality assessment and were scored in high level if more than two techniques, to elucidate antileukemic properties, were described, and then data were extracted. The studies mostly used human leukemia cell lines including primary and established cells, with or without chemotherapy resistance. The SLs used were obtained principally from plants. The antileukemic properties of SLs were extracted from 22 high level studies. They included cell death induction, mainly by apoptosis, as well as cell differentiation, cell cycle disruption, leukemia cancer stem cell growth inhibition and NF-κB pathway inhibition; the latter is a promising therapeutic target for lymphoid malignancies. We concluded that, in spite of the necessity of better toxicological profile characterization of SLs, the antileukemic properties of these compounds support the proposal that the SLs are promising candidates for the treatment of leukemia.

Keywords: Natural products, sesquiterpene lactones, leukemia, apoptosis, differentiation, cell cycle, cancer stem cell, NF-κB.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2018
Page: [323 - 334]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1871520617666170918130126
Price: $58

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