Background: Coffee intake represents an essential tradition in many people's lives all around
the world: the success of this beverage is mainly due to its unique flavour and its well-known characteristic
of reducing sleep. Coffee is usually associated with caffeine, nevertheless, hundreds of other molecules
are involved in the very heterogeneous composition of the beans. Many studies revealed that several
of these compounds can influence our health, because of their bioactive activities. Coffee appears
as an antioxidant, antidiabetic, anticancer, and antidepressant agent and the data about these properties
have been already reviewed.
Conclusion: In the present work, the antimicrobial and the antiviral activities will be discussed. Attention
will also be focused on single compounds present in beans: some coffee constituents appear as valid
candidates to develop new efficient drugs and the available data show that more efforts are needed to
fully investigate the potential of coffee against pathogens.