Scaffold Hopping Strategy for the Design, Synthesis and Biological Activity Evaluation of Novel Hexacyclic Scutellarein Derivatives with a 1,3-Oxazine Ring Fused at A-ring

Author(s): Yue Zhong , Yu-Ting Lu , Ying Sun , Nian-Guang Li , Ting Gu , Wen-Yu Wu , Shao-Peng Yu , Zhi-Hao Shi* .

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 14 , Issue 5 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Discovery of novel agents with anticoagulant and antioxidant activity is very important to treat cerebrovascular disease. Lead compound LR3d discovered in our laboratory exhibited stronger anticoagulant ability and good antioxidant activity, compared with scutellarein (2), which is the major in vivo active metabolite of the natural product scutellarin (1).

Objective: Design and synthesis novel scutellarein derivatives with improved anticoagulant and antioxidant activity.

Methods: By utilizing a scaffold hopping strategy on LR3d, we describe the design and synthesis of a series of novel hexacyclic scutellarein derivatives 4 with a 1,3-oxazine ring fused at positions 7 and 8 in A ring. The thrombin inhibitory activities of all these new compounds were studied by the analysis of thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT) and fibrinogen (FIB). The antioxidant abilities of these analogs were evaluated by using 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) method through 1,1- diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) hydrazyl (DPPH) assay.

Results: Nine new hexacyclic scutellarein derivatives with a 1,3-oxazine ring fused at A-ring were synthesized, the results of the biological activity evaluation showed that compound 4e exhibited stronger anticoagulant and antioxidant ability compared to LR3d.

Conclusion: 4e could be used for further development to treat ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

Keywords: Ischemic cerebrovascular disease, thrombin, antioxidant, scutellarin, scutellarein, scaffold hopping, 1, 3-oxazine.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2018
Page: [478 - 484]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573406413666170906130251
Price: $58

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