In Silico Modeling of Crabtree Effect

Author(s): Debraj Ghosh*, Rajat K. De *.

Journal Name: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Targets

Volume 17 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background and Objective: Glycolytic activity during Crabtree effect is similar to that in tumor cells. Research regarding Crabtree effect is very much crucial.

Methods: The mechanism of metabolic activities in glycolysis pathway and oxidative phosphorylation pathway in regards to Crabtree effect in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied in this paper. We also explored the effects of hexose phosphates in the activities of respiratory chain complexes (III and IV) in inhibition of respiration. Besides, the enhancement of fermentation in response to excess glucose concentration was studied. We discussed the significance of Crabtree effect in mammalian cancer in terms of Crabtree effect in a Crabtree positive organism, as it is similar to cancer metabolism in mammalian cells. We developed an in silico model of Crabtree effect.

Results: A comparative study was performed with laboratory experiments regarding inhibitory role of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate on metabolic respiration. The model was simulated for different concentration levels of glucose and hexose phosphates using COPASI and SNOOPY tools. Conclusion: We have shown that a hike in glucose concentration increases ethanol concentration and leads glycolytic activity towards fermentation. This phenomenon occurs during Crabtree effect.

Keywords: Metabolism, glycolysis, oxidative phosphorylation, Crabtree, in silico modeling, tumor cells.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2017
Page: [182 - 188]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1871530317666170828111113
Price: $58

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