Influence of Divalent Cation on Morphology and Drug Delivery Efficiency of Mixed Polymer Nanoparticles

Author(s): Ramachandran Deepika, Koyeli Girigoswami, Ramachandran Murugesan, Agnishwar Girigoswami*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 15 , Issue 5 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Biopolymeric nanoparticles comprising chitosan-alginate have attracted interest in drug delivery due to their protective nature, biocompatibility, biodegradability and hydrophilicity.

Objective: The present study was designed to encapsulate levofloxacin in chitosan-alginate hybrid gel for controlled release and to evaluate the effect of divalent alkaline earth metal ions (Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+) on encapsulation efficiency and drug release kinetics considering their role in polyelectrolyte gelation method.

Method: Divalent metal ions control the rigidity and elasticity of the hydrogels and have the ability to change the shape and size of nanostructure formed by chitosan-alginate. The particle size increases and encapsulation efficiency decreases with the size of the divalent ions. Spherical shaped particles were formed by Mg2+ and Ca2+, whereas Sr2+ and Ba2+ produced non-spherical particles.

Results: SEM image clearly shows transformation of sphere to truncated tetrahedron by Sr2+ and clear rod shape by Ba2+.

Conclusion: Therefore, it is concluded that metal ions have significant influence on the morphology and drug encapsulation and release profile of the chitosan-alginate hybrid polymer nanoparticles.

Keywords: Biopolymers, levofloxacin encapsulation, mixed polymeric nanoparticles, hybrid nanoparticles, sphere to rod.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2018
Page: [652 - 657]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1567201814666170825160617
Price: $58

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