Structure Properties and Mechanisms of Action of Naturally Originated Phenolic Acids and Their Derivatives against Human Viral Infections

Author(s): Yi-Hang Wu *, Bing-Yi Zhang , Li-Peng Qiu, Rong-Fa Guan, Zi-Hong Ye, Xiao-Ping Yu .

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 24 , Issue 38 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: A great effort has been made to develop efficacious antiviral drugs, but many viral infections are still lack of efficient antiviral therapies so far. The related exploration of natural products to fight viruses has been raised in recent years. Natural compounds with structural diversity and complexity offer a great chance to find new antiviral agents. Particularly, phenolic acids have attracted considerable attention owing to their potent antiviral abilities and unique mechanisms. The aim of this review is to report new discoveries and updates pertaining to antiviral phenolic acids.

Methods: The relevant references on natural phenolic acids were searched. The antiviral phenolic acids were classified according to their structural properties and antiviral types. Meanwhile, the antiviral characteristics and structure-activity relationships of phenolic acids and their derivatives were summarized.

Results: The review finds that natural phenolic acids and their derivatives possessed potent inhibitory effects on multiple virus in humans such as human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, herpes simplex virus, influenza virus and respiratory syncytial virus. In particular, caffeic acid/gallic acid and their derivatives exhibited outstanding antiviral properties by a variety of modes of action.

Conclusion: Naturally derived phenolic acids especially caffeic acid/gallic acid and their derivatives may be regarded as novel promising antiviral leads or candidates. Additionly, scarcely any of these compounds has been used as antiviral treatment in clinical practice. Therefore, these phenolic acids with diverse skeletons and mechanisms provide us an excellent resource for finding novel antiviral drugs.

Keywords: Natural product, phenolic acid, viral infection, structure property, antiviral mechanism, structure-activity relationship.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 38
Year: 2017
Page: [4279 - 4302]
Pages: 24
DOI: 10.2174/0929867324666170815102917
Price: $58

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